Or, the sex/gender difference that is not just one?
(This post includes research from my exceptional graduate assistant, Lucia Lykke.)
Not long ago I had been corrected by another sociologist: “Phil – ‘female’ and ‘male’ refer to sex that is one’s maybe not gender.”
Feminists — including feminist sociologists — have made important progress by drawing the conceptual difference between intercourse and sex, with intercourse the biological and gender the social groups. With this, perhaps, we could observe that gendered behavior had not been merely a manifestation of sex categories — related towards the term “sex roles” — but a socially-constructed collection of methods layered along with a crude biological base.